Modules

UTF8
extends Kohana_UTF8

A port of phputf8 to a unified set of files. Provides multi-byte aware replacement string functions.

For UTF-8 support to work correctly, the following requirements must be met:

  • PCRE needs to be compiled with UTF-8 support (--enable-utf8)
  • Support for Unicode properties is highly recommended (--enable-unicode-properties)
  • UTF-8 conversion will be much more reliable if the iconv extension is loaded
  • The mbstring extension is highly recommended, but must not be overloading string functions

This file is licensed differently from the rest of Kohana. As a port of phputf8, this file is released under the LGPL.

package
Kohana
category
Base
author
Kohana Team
copyright
© 2007-2012 Kohana Team
© 2005 Harry Fuecks
license
http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/lgpl-2.1.txt

Class declared in SYSPATH/classes/utf8.php on line 3.

Properties

public static array $called

List of called methods that have had their required file included.

array(2) (
    "transliterate_to_ascii" => bool TRUE
    "strlen" => bool TRUE
)

public static boolean $server_utf8

Does the server support UTF-8 natively?

bool FALSE

Methods

public static clean( mixed $var [, string $charset = NULL ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Recursively cleans arrays, objects, and strings. Removes ASCII control codes and converts to the requested charset while silently discarding incompatible characters.

UTF8::clean($_GET); // Clean GET data

This method requires Iconv

Parameters

  • mixed $var required - Variable to clean
  • string $charset = NULL - Character set, defaults to Kohana::$charset

Tags

Return Values

  • mixed

Source Code

public static function clean($var, $charset = NULL)
{
	if ( ! $charset)
	{
		// Use the application character set
		$charset = Kohana::$charset;
	}

	if (is_array($var) OR is_object($var))
	{
		foreach ($var as $key => $val)
		{
			// Recursion!
			$var[self::clean($key)] = self::clean($val);
		}
	}
	elseif (is_string($var) AND $var !== '')
	{
		// Remove control characters
		$var = self::strip_ascii_ctrl($var);

		if ( ! self::is_ascii($var))
		{
			// Disable notices
			$error_reporting = error_reporting(~E_NOTICE);

			// iconv is expensive, so it is only used when needed
			$var = iconv($charset, $charset.'//IGNORE', $var);

			// Turn notices back on
			error_reporting($error_reporting);
		}
	}

	return $var;
}

public static from_unicode( array $arr ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Takes an array of ints representing the Unicode characters and returns a UTF-8 string. Astral planes are supported i.e. the ints in the input can be > 0xFFFF. Occurrances of the BOM are ignored. Surrogates are not allowed.

$str = UTF8::to_unicode($array);

The Original Code is Mozilla Communicator client code. The Initial Developer of the Original Code is Netscape Communications Corporation. Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 1998 the Initial Developer. Ported to PHP by Henri Sivonen hsivonen@iki.fi, see http://hsivonen.iki.fi/php-utf8/ Slight modifications to fit with phputf8 library by Harry Fuecks hfuecks@gmail.com.

Parameters

  • array $arr required - $str unicode code points representing a string

Return Values

  • string - Utf8 string of characters
  • boolean - FALSE if a code point cannot be found

Source Code

public static function from_unicode($arr)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _from_unicode($arr);
}

public static is_ascii( mixed $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Tests whether a string contains only 7-bit ASCII bytes. This is used to determine when to use native functions or UTF-8 functions.

$ascii = UTF8::is_ascii($str);

Parameters

  • mixed $str required - String or array of strings to check

Return Values

  • boolean

Source Code

public static function is_ascii($str)
{
	if (is_array($str))
	{
		$str = implode($str);
	}

	return ! preg_match('/[^\x00-\x7F]/S', $str);
}

public static ltrim( string $str [, string $charlist = NULL ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Strips whitespace (or other UTF-8 characters) from the beginning of a string. This is a UTF8-aware version of ltrim.

$str = UTF8::ltrim($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • string $charlist = NULL - String of characters to remove

Tags

  • Author - Andreas Gohr [email protected]>

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function ltrim($str, $charlist = NULL)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _ltrim($str, $charlist);
}

public static ord( string $chr ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Returns the unicode ordinal for a character. This is a UTF8-aware version of ord.

$digit = UTF8::ord($character);

Parameters

  • string $chr required - UTF-8 encoded character

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • integer

Source Code

public static function ord($chr)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _ord($chr);
}

public static rtrim( string $str [, string $charlist = NULL ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Strips whitespace (or other UTF-8 characters) from the end of a string. This is a UTF8-aware version of rtrim.

$str = UTF8::rtrim($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • string $charlist = NULL - String of characters to remove

Tags

  • Author - Andreas Gohr [email protected]>

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function rtrim($str, $charlist = NULL)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _rtrim($str, $charlist);
}

public static str_ireplace( string|array $search , string|array $replace , string|array $str [, integer & $count = NULL ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Returns a string or an array with all occurrences of search in subject (ignoring case) and replaced with the given replace value. This is a UTF8-aware version of str_ireplace.

This function is very slow compared to the native version. Avoid using it when possible.

Parameters

  • string|array $search required - Text to replace
  • string|array $replace required - Replacement text
  • string|array $str required - Subject text
  • byref integer $count = NULL - Number of matched and replaced needles will be returned via this parameter which is passed by reference

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]

Return Values

  • string - If the input was a string
  • array - If the input was an array

Source Code

public static function str_ireplace($search, $replace, $str, & $count = NULL)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _str_ireplace($search, $replace, $str, $count);
}

public static str_pad( string $str , integer $final_str_length [, string $pad_str = string(1) " " , string $pad_type = integer 1 ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Pads a UTF-8 string to a certain length with another string. This is a UTF8-aware version of str_pad.

$str = UTF8::str_pad($str, $length);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • integer $final_str_length required - Desired string length after padding
  • string $pad_str = string(1) " " - String to use as padding
  • string $pad_type = integer 1 - Padding type: STR_PAD_RIGHT, STR_PAD_LEFT, or STR_PAD_BOTH

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function str_pad($str, $final_str_length, $pad_str = ' ', $pad_type = STR_PAD_RIGHT)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _str_pad($str, $final_str_length, $pad_str, $pad_type);
}

public static str_split( string $str [, integer $split_length = integer 1 ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Converts a UTF-8 string to an array. This is a UTF8-aware version of str_split.

$array = UTF8::str_split($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • integer $split_length = integer 1 - Maximum length of each chunk

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • array

Source Code

public static function str_split($str, $split_length = 1)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _str_split($str, $split_length);
}

public static strcasecmp( string $str1 , string $str2 ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Case-insensitive UTF-8 string comparison. This is a UTF8-aware version of strcasecmp.

$compare = UTF8::strcasecmp($str1, $str2);

Parameters

  • string $str1 required - String to compare
  • string $str2 required - String to compare

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • integer - Less than 0 if str1 is less than str2
  • integer - Greater than 0 if str1 is greater than str2
  • integer - 0 if they are equal

Source Code

public static function strcasecmp($str1, $str2)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _strcasecmp($str1, $str2);
}

public static strcspn( string $str , string $mask [, integer $offset = NULL , integer $length = NULL ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Finds the length of the initial segment not matching mask. This is a UTF8-aware version of strcspn.

$found = UTF8::strcspn($str, $mask);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • string $mask required - Mask for search
  • integer $offset = NULL - Start position of the string to examine
  • integer $length = NULL - Length of the string to examine

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • integer - Length of the initial segment that contains characters not in the mask

Source Code

public static function strcspn($str, $mask, $offset = NULL, $length = NULL)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _strcspn($str, $mask, $offset, $length);
}

public static strip_ascii_ctrl( string $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Strips out device control codes in the ASCII range.

$str = UTF8::strip_ascii_ctrl($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - String to clean

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function strip_ascii_ctrl($str)
{
	return preg_replace('/[\x00-\x08\x0B\x0C\x0E-\x1F\x7F]+/S', '', $str);
}

public static strip_non_ascii( string $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Strips out all non-7bit ASCII bytes.

$str = UTF8::strip_non_ascii($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - String to clean

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function strip_non_ascii($str)
{
	return preg_replace('/[^\x00-\x7F]+/S', '', $str);
}

public static stristr( string $str , string $search ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Case-insenstive UTF-8 version of strstr. Returns all of input string from the first occurrence of needle to the end. This is a UTF8-aware version of stristr.

$found = UTF8::stristr($str, $search);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • string $search required - Needle

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • string - Matched substring if found
  • FALSE - If the substring was not found

Source Code

public static function stristr($str, $search)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _stristr($str, $search);
}

public static strlen( string $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Returns the length of the given string. This is a UTF8-aware version of strlen.

$length = UTF8::strlen($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - String being measured for length

Tags

Return Values

  • integer

Source Code

public static function strlen($str)
{
	if (UTF8::$server_utf8)
		return mb_strlen($str, Kohana::$charset);

	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _strlen($str);
}

public static strpos( string $str , string $search [, integer $offset = integer 0 ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Finds position of first occurrence of a UTF-8 string. This is a UTF8-aware version of strpos.

$position = UTF8::strpos($str, $search);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Haystack
  • string $search required - Needle
  • integer $offset = integer 0 - Offset from which character in haystack to start searching

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>
  • Uses - UTF8::$server_utf8

Return Values

  • integer - Position of needle
  • boolean - FALSE if the needle is not found

Source Code

public static function strpos($str, $search, $offset = 0)
{
	if (UTF8::$server_utf8)
		return mb_strpos($str, $search, $offset, Kohana::$charset);

	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _strpos($str, $search, $offset);
}

public static strrev( string $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Reverses a UTF-8 string. This is a UTF8-aware version of strrev.

$str = UTF8::strrev($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - String to be reversed

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function strrev($str)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _strrev($str);
}

public static strrpos( string $str , string $search [, integer $offset = integer 0 ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Finds position of last occurrence of a char in a UTF-8 string. This is a UTF8-aware version of strrpos.

$position = UTF8::strrpos($str, $search);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Haystack
  • string $search required - Needle
  • integer $offset = integer 0 - Offset from which character in haystack to start searching

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>
  • Uses - UTF8::$server_utf8

Return Values

  • integer - Position of needle
  • boolean - FALSE if the needle is not found

Source Code

public static function strrpos($str, $search, $offset = 0)
{
	if (UTF8::$server_utf8)
		return mb_strrpos($str, $search, $offset, Kohana::$charset);

	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _strrpos($str, $search, $offset);
}

public static strspn( string $str , string $mask [, integer $offset = NULL , integer $length = NULL ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Finds the length of the initial segment matching mask. This is a UTF8-aware version of strspn.

$found = UTF8::strspn($str, $mask);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • string $mask required - Mask for search
  • integer $offset = NULL - Start position of the string to examine
  • integer $length = NULL - Length of the string to examine

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • integer - Length of the initial segment that contains characters in the mask

Source Code

public static function strspn($str, $mask, $offset = NULL, $length = NULL)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _strspn($str, $mask, $offset, $length);
}

public static strtolower( string $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Makes a UTF-8 string lowercase. This is a UTF8-aware version of strtolower.

$str = UTF8::strtolower($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Mixed case string

Tags

  • Author - Andreas Gohr [email protected]>
  • Uses - UTF8::$server_utf8

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function strtolower($str)
{
	if (UTF8::$server_utf8)
		return mb_strtolower($str, Kohana::$charset);

	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _strtolower($str);
}

public static strtoupper( string $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Makes a UTF-8 string uppercase. This is a UTF8-aware version of strtoupper.

Parameters

  • string $str required - Mixed case string

Tags

  • Author - Andreas Gohr [email protected]>
  • Uses - UTF8::$server_utf8, Kohana::$charset

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function strtoupper($str)
{
	if (UTF8::$server_utf8)
		return mb_strtoupper($str, Kohana::$charset);

	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _strtoupper($str);
}

public static substr( string $str , integer $offset [, integer $length = NULL ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Returns part of a UTF-8 string. This is a UTF8-aware version of substr.

$sub = UTF8::substr($str, $offset);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • integer $offset required - Offset
  • integer $length = NULL - Length limit

Tags

  • Author - Chris Smith [email protected]>
  • Uses - UTF8::$server_utf8, Kohana::$charset

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function substr($str, $offset, $length = NULL)
{
	if (UTF8::$server_utf8)
		return ($length === NULL)
			? mb_substr($str, $offset, mb_strlen($str), Kohana::$charset)
			: mb_substr($str, $offset, $length, Kohana::$charset);

	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _substr($str, $offset, $length);
}

public static substr_replace( string $str , string $replacement , integer $offset [, $length = NULL ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Replaces text within a portion of a UTF-8 string. This is a UTF8-aware version of substr_replace.

$str = UTF8::substr_replace($str, $replacement, $offset);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • string $replacement required - Replacement string
  • integer $offset required - Offset
  • unknown $length = NULL

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function substr_replace($str, $replacement, $offset, $length = NULL)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _substr_replace($str, $replacement, $offset, $length);
}

public static to_unicode( string $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Takes an UTF-8 string and returns an array of ints representing the Unicode characters. Astral planes are supported i.e. the ints in the output can be > 0xFFFF. Occurrences of the BOM are ignored. Surrogates are not allowed.

$array = UTF8::to_unicode($str);

The Original Code is Mozilla Communicator client code. The Initial Developer of the Original Code is Netscape Communications Corporation. Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 1998 the Initial Developer. Ported to PHP by Henri Sivonen hsivonen@iki.fi, see http://hsivonen.iki.fi/php-utf8/ Slight modifications to fit with phputf8 library by Harry Fuecks hfuecks@gmail.com

Parameters

  • string $str required - UTF-8 encoded string

Return Values

  • array - Unicode code points
  • FALSE - If the string is invalid

Source Code

public static function to_unicode($str)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _to_unicode($str);
}

public static transliterate_to_ascii( string $str [, integer $case = integer 0 ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Replaces special/accented UTF-8 characters by ASCII-7 "equivalents".

$ascii = UTF8::transliterate_to_ascii($utf8);

Parameters

  • string $str required - String to transliterate
  • integer $case = integer 0 - -1 lowercase only, +1 uppercase only, 0 both cases

Tags

  • Author - Andreas Gohr [email protected]>

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function transliterate_to_ascii($str, $case = 0)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _transliterate_to_ascii($str, $case);
}

public static trim( string $str [, string $charlist = NULL ] ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Strips whitespace (or other UTF-8 characters) from the beginning and end of a string. This is a UTF8-aware version of trim.

$str = UTF8::trim($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Input string
  • string $charlist = NULL - String of characters to remove

Tags

  • Author - Andreas Gohr [email protected]>

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function trim($str, $charlist = NULL)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _trim($str, $charlist);
}

public static ucfirst( string $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Makes a UTF-8 string's first character uppercase. This is a UTF8-aware version of ucfirst.

$str = UTF8::ucfirst($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Mixed case string

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function ucfirst($str)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _ucfirst($str);
}

public static ucwords( string $str ) (defined in Kohana_UTF8)

Makes the first character of every word in a UTF-8 string uppercase. This is a UTF8-aware version of ucwords.

$str = UTF8::ucwords($str);

Parameters

  • string $str required - Mixed case string

Tags

  • Author - Harry Fuecks [email protected]>
  • Uses - UTF8::$server_utf8

Return Values

  • string

Source Code

public static function ucwords($str)
{
	if ( ! isset(self::$called[__FUNCTION__]))
	{
		require Kohana::find_file('utf8', __FUNCTION__);

		// Function has been called
		self::$called[__FUNCTION__] = TRUE;
	}

	return _ucwords($str);
}